The covid-19 pandemic is still not over. And while injected vaccines provide good protection from severe disease, they don’t stop us from catching the virus or spreading it to others.

Vaccines that you inhale through the nose or mouth, on the other hand, potentially could.In the last week, regulatory bodies in both India and China have approved inhaled vaccines for covid-19. The companies behind these vaccines say that they’ll boost the immune responses of people who have already been vaccinated. MIT Technology Review’s senior biomedicine reporter, Jessica Hamzelou, explains what we know so far.

The must-reads

I’ve combed the internet to find you today’s most fun/important/scary/fascinating stories about technology.

1 A new malaria vaccine could protect millions of vulnerable people 
It’s the most effective known jab to date. (The Guardian)
+ Scientists have called the development “world-changing.” (BBC)
+ If future tests are successful, it could be rolled out as soon as next year. (Economist $)

2 Elon Musk will be allowed to use the whistleblower claims in court
Pieter Zatko, Twitter’s former security chief, claimed the company’s cyber security practices were lax. (FT $)

3 A new microscopy technique has made tiny protein structures visible
It makes it easier than ever before to study minuscule structures. (Economist $)
+ DeepMind’s AlphaFold isn’t always the most accurate model for protein interactions. (The Register)
+ DeepMind has predicted the structure of almost every protein known to science. (MIT Technology Review)

4 NASA is still working out when to attempt another moon rocket launch
Technical problems, including a liquid hydrogen leak, have delayed it twice so far. (WP $)
+ The rocket program is already years behind. (The Atlantic $)
+ Meanwhile, China’s moon mission is progressing. (IEEE Spectrum)
+ Two newly-discovered planets appear to be habitable. (New Scientist $)

5 US life expectancy keeps falling
Even though other wealthy countries’ life expectancy has begun recovering from the pandemic. (Vox)
+ Our circadian clock means that pain feels worse at night. (Wired $)

6 How the electricity industry helped to spread climate denial
Many of its biggest companies are still heavily invested in fossil fuels. (The Atlantic $)
+ The oil industry is still trying to greenwash its image, too. (Protocol)
+ Food supplies have not been as badly affected by drought as you may think. (Wired $)
+ We must fundamentally rethink “net-zero” climate plans. (MIT Technology Review)

7 A creepy woman keeps cropping up in AI images
She appears across multiple image-generation models, too. (Motherboard)

8 Facebook doesn’t actually know where it stores your data
Which comes as no surprise. (The Intercept)
+ She risked everything to expose Facebook. Now she’s telling her story. (MIT Technology Review)

9 Why Apple has dropped its obsession with optimism 
Its new kit focuses on emergency prevention and survival. (Fast Company $)
+ The company’s privacy fixation can be traced back to Steve Jobs. (Bloomberg $)
+ A smartphone that lasts a decade is not an impossible dream. (NYT $)

10 Inside the forgotten chapter of internet history
Modems and the people that operated them helped to shape the grassroots of the internet. (Slate $)

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